Nissan Sentra manuals

Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Periodic maintenance

ENGINE COOLANT

System Inspection

WARNING:

CHECKING COOLING SYSTEM HOSES

Check hoses for the following:

Checking reservoir level

Checking cooling system for leaks


Checking cooling system for leaks

To check for leaks, apply pressure to the cooling system using suitable tool (A) and Tool (B).

Tool number : EG17650301 (J-33984-A)

Testing pressure : Refer to CO-28, "Radiator".

WARNING:


WARNING:

Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot. Serious burns could occur from high pressure engine coolant escaping from the radiator.

CAUTION:

Higher pressure than specified may cause radiator damage.

Checking radiator CAP

  1. Inspect the radiator cap.

NOTE:

Thoroughly wipe out the radiator filler neck to remove any waxy residue or foreign material.

  1. Pull the negative-pressure valve to open it and check that it closes completely when released.

Negative pressure: Refer to CO-28, "Radiator".


  1. Check radiator cap relief pressure using suitable tool and Tool.

Tool number : EG17650301 (J-33984-A)

Positive pressure (relief): Refer to CO-28, "Radiator".

Checking radiator


Checking radiator

Check radiator for mud or clogging. If necessary, clean radiator as follows.

CAUTION:

  1. Spray water to the back side of the radiator core using a side to side motion from the top down.
  2. Stop spraying when debris no longer flows from radiator core.
  3. Blow air into the back side of radiator core using a side to side motion from the top down.
  1. Continue to blow air until no water sprays out.
  2. Check for engine coolant leaks. Repair as necessary.

Changing Engine Coolant

WARNING:

Draining engine coolant

  1. Remove the engine under cover. Refer to EXT-16, "Exploded View".
  2. Open the radiator drain plug (1) at the bottom of the radiator and remove the radiator filler cap. This is the only step required when partially draining the cooling system (radiator only).

CAUTION:


  1. Follow this step for heater core removal/replacement only. Disconnect the upper heater hose at the engine side and apply moderate air pressure [103.46 kPa (1.055 kg/cm2, 15 psi) maximum air pressure] into the hose for 30 seconds to blow the excess engine coolant out of the heater core.
  2. When draining all of the engine coolant in the system, remove the reservoir tank and drain the engine coolant, then clean the reservoir tank before installation.

CAUTION:

  1. When draining all of the engine coolant in the system for engine removal or repair, remove the engine coolant drain plugs on the cylinder block.
  2. Check the drained engine coolant for contaminants such as rust, corrosion or discoloration.

    If the engine coolant is contaminated, flush the engine cooling system.

Refilling engine coolant

  1. Install the radiator drain plug. Install the reservoir tank and cylinder block drain plug, if removed for a total system drain or for engine removal or repair.

Radiator drain plug : Refer to CO-15, "Exploded View".

  1. If disconnected, reattach the upper radiator hose at the engine side.
  2. Set the vehicle heater controls to the full HOT and heater ON position. Turn the vehicle ignition ON with the engine OFF as necessary to activate the heater mode.
  3. Install the Tool by installing the radiator cap adapter onto the radiator neck opening. Then attach the gauge body assembly with the refill tube and the venturi assembly to the radiator cap adapter.

Tool number : KV991J0070 (J-45695)


  1. Insert the refill hose into the engine coolant mixture container that is placed at floor level. Make sure the ball valve is in the closed position.

Engine coolant capacity (with reservoir tank) : Refer to CO-28, "Periodical Maintenance Specification".

CAUTION:

Do not use any cooling system additives such as radiator sealer. Additives may clog the cooling system and cause damage to the engine, transmission and/or cooling system.

  1. Install an air hose to the venturi assembly, the air pressure must be within specification.

Compressed air supply pressure : 549 - 824 kPa (5.6 - 8.4 kg/cm2, 80 - 119 psi)

CAUTION:

The compressed air supply must be equipped with an air dryer.

  1. The vacuum gauge will begin to rise and there will be an audible hissing noise. During this process open the ball valve on the refill hose slightly. Engine coolant will be visible rising in the refill hose. Once the refill hose is full of engine coolant, close the ball valve. This will purge any air trapped in the refill hose.
  2. Continue to draw the vacuum until the gauge reaches 28 inches of vacuum. The gauge may not reach 28 inches in high altitude locations, use the vacuum specifications based on the altitude above sea level.



  1. When the vacuum gauge has reached the specified amount, disconnect the air hose and wait 20 seconds to see if the system loses any vacuum. If the vacuum level drops, perform any necessary repairs to the system and repeat steps 6 - 8 to bring the vacuum to the specified amount. Recheck for any leaks.
  2. Place the engine coolant container (with the refill hose inserted) at the same level as the top of the radiator.

    Then open the ball valve on the refill hose so the engine coolant will be drawn up to fill the cooling system.

    The cooling system is full when the vacuum gauge reads zero.

CAUTION:

Do not allow the engine coolant container to get too low when filling, to avoid air from being drawn into the cooling system.

  1. Remove the Tool from the radiator neck opening.
  2. Fill the cooling system reservoir tank to the specified level and install the radiator cap. Run the engine to warm up the cooling system and top up the system as necessary.
  3. Install the engine under cover. Refer to EXT-16, "Exploded View".

Flushing cooling system

  1. Fill the radiator from the filler neck above the radiator upper hose and reservoir tank with clean water and reinstall the radiator filler cap.
  2. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.
  3. Rev the engine two or three times under no-load.
  4. Stop the engine and wait until it cools down.
  5. Drain the water from the system. Refer to CO-12, "Changing Engine Coolant".
  6. Repeat steps 1 through 5 until clear water begins to drain from the radiator.
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