Nissan Sentra manuals

Nissan Sentra Service Manual: System description

Component parts

Component parts location


  1. ABS actuator and electric unit (control unit)
  2. Av control unit
  3. A/c auto amp.
  4. Ecm
  5. Ipdm e/r
  6. Tcm
  7. Data link connector
  8. EPS control unit
  9. Bcm
  10. Combination meter
  11. Steering angle sensor
  12. Air bag diagnosis sensor unit

System

Can communication system

Can communication system : system description

System diagram

Description


Description

Can (controller area network) is a serial communication line for real time application. It is an on-vehicle multiplex communication line with high data communication speed and excellent error detection ability. Many electronic control units are equipped onto a vehicle, and each control unit shares information and links with other control units during operation (not independent). In can communication, control units are connected with 2 communication lines (can-h line, can-l line) allowing a high rate of information transmission with less wiring.

Each control unit transmits/receives data but selectively reads required data only.

Can communication signal generation


Note:

A signal with no current passage is called “recessive” and one with current passage is called “dominant”.


The construction of can communication signal (message)


The construction of can communication signal (message)


Can communication line


Can communication line

The can communication line is a twisted pair wire consisting of strands of can-h (1) and can-l (2) and has noise immunity.

Note:


Note:

The can communication system has the characteristics of noise-resistant because this system produces digital signals by using the potential difference between the can-h line and the can-l line and has the twisted pair wire structure.

Since the can-h line and the can-l line are always adjacent to each other, the same degree of noise occurs, respectively, when a noise (1) occurs. Although the noise changes the voltage, the potential difference (2) between the can-h line and the can-l line is insensitive to noise. Therefore, noise-resistant signals can be obtained.

Can signal communications


Can signal communications

Each control unit of the can communication system transmits signals through the can communication control circuit included in the control unit and receives only necessary signals from each control unit to perform various kinds of control.


Note:


Note:

The above signal names and signal communications are provided for reference purposes. For can communications signals of this vehicle, refer to lan-30, "can communication system : can communication signal chart".

Can communication system : can communication control circuit

Can communication control circuit is incorporated into the control unit and transmits/receives can communication signals.



Component

System description

Can controller It controls can communication signal transmission and reception, error detection, etc.
Transceiver ic It converts digital signal into CAN communication signal, and CAN communication signal into digital signal.
Noise filter It eliminates noise of can communication signal.
Termination circuit* (resistance of approx. 120 Generates a potential difference between CAN-H and CAN-L.) Generates a potential difference between CAN-H and CAN-L.

*: These are the only control units wired with both ends of CAN communication system.

Can communication system : can system specification chart

Determine CAN system type from the following specification chart.

Note:

Refer to lan-16, "trouble diagnosis procedure" for how to use can system specification chart.

×: applicable


×: applicable

Vehicle equipment identification information

Note:

Check CAN system type from the vehicle shape and equipment.


  1. Navi switch
  2. Automatic temperature control switch
  1. With navigation system
  2. With automatic air conditioner

Can communication system : can communication signal chart

Refer to lan-15, "how to use can communication signal chart" for how to use can communication signal chart.

Note:



*1: With battery current sensor (with battery temperature sensor)


*1: With battery current sensor (with battery temperature sensor)

*2: M/t models

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