Nissan Sentra manuals

Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Symptom diagnosis

Power door lock system symptoms

Symptom table

Door lock/unlock function malfunction

Note:

Remote keyless entry system symptoms


Remote keyless entry system symptoms

Symptom table

Remote keyless entry system


Squeak and rattle trouble diagnoses


Squeak and rattle trouble diagnoses

Work flow

Customer interview


Customer interview

Interview the customer if possible, to determine the conditions that exist when the noise occurs. Use the diagnostic worksheet during the interview to document the facts and conditions when the noise occurs and any customer's comments; refer to dlk-294, "diagnostic worksheet". This information is necessary to duplicate the conditions that exist when the noise occurs.

Duplicate the noise and test drive

If possible, drive the vehicle with the customer until the noise is duplicated. Note any additional information on the Diagnostic Worksheet regarding the conditions or location of the noise. This information can be used to duplicate the same conditions when you confirm the repair.

If the noise can be duplicated easily during the test drive, to help identify the source of the noise, try to duplicate the noise with the vehicle stopped by doing one or all of the following:

  1. Close a door.
  2. Tap or push/pull around the area where the noise appears to be coming from.
  3. Rev the engine
  4. Use a floor jack to recreate vehicle “twist”.
  5. At idle, apply engine load (electrical load, half-clutch on M/T model, drive position on CVT and A/T models).
  6. Raise the vehicle on a hoist and hit a tire with a rubber hammer.

CHECK RELATED SERVICE BULLETINS

After verifying the customer concern or symptom, check ASIST for Technical Service Bulletins (TSBs) related to that concern or symptom.

If a TSB relates to the symptom, follow the procedure to repair the noise.

LOCATE THE NOISE AND IDENTIFY THE ROOT CAUSE

  1. Narrow down the noise to a general area. To help pinpoint the source of the noise, use a listening tool (Chassis Ear: J-39570, Engine Ear: J-39565 and mechanic's stethoscope).
  2. Narrow down the noise to a more specific area and identify the cause of the noise by:

REPAIR THE CAUSE

CAUTION:

Do not use excessive force as many components are constructed of plastic and may be damaged.

NOTE:

CONFIRM THE REPAIR

Confirm that the cause of a noise is repaired by test driving the vehicle. Operate the vehicle under the same conditions as when the noise originally occurred. Refer to the notes on the Diagnostic Worksheet.

Generic squeak and rattle troubleshooting

Refer to Table of Contents for specific component removal and installation information.

INSTRUMENT PANEL

Most incidents are caused by contact and movement between:

  1. Cluster lid A and the instrument panel
  2. Acrylic lens and combination meter housing
  3. Instrument panel to front pillar finisher
  4. Instrument panel to windshield
  5. Instrument panel pins
  6. Wiring harnesses behind the combination meter
  7. A/C defroster duct and duct joint

These incidents can usually be located by tapping or moving the components to duplicate the noise or by pressing on the components while driving to stop the noise. Most of these incidents can be repaired by applying felt cloth tape or silicone spray (in hard to reach areas). Urethane pads can be used to insulate wiring harness.

CAUTION:

Do not use silicone spray to isolate a squeak or rattle. If you saturate the area with silicone, you will not be able to recheck the repair.

CENTER CONSOLE

Components to pay attention to include:

  1. Shift selector assembly cover to finisher
  2. A/C control unit and cluster lid C
  3. Wiring harnesses behind audio and A/C control unit

The instrument panel repair and isolation procedures also apply to the center console.

DOORS

Pay attention to the:

  1. Finisher and inner panel making a slapping noise
  2. Inside handle escutcheon to door finisher
  3. Wiring harnesses tapping
  4. Door striker out of alignment causing a popping noise on starts and stops

Tapping or moving the components or pressing on them while driving to duplicate the conditions can isolate many of these incidents. You can usually insulate the areas with felt cloth tape or insulator foam blocks from the NISSAN Squeak and Rattle Kit (J-50397) to repair the noise.

TRUNK

Trunk noises are often caused by a loose jack or loose items put into the trunk by the owner.

In addition look for:

  1. Trunk lid bumpers out of adjustment
  2. Trunk lid striker out of adjustment
  3. The trunk lid torsion bars knocking together
  4. A loose license plate or bracket

Most of these incidents can be repaired by adjusting, securing or insulating the item(s) or component(s) causing the noise.

SUNROOF/HEADLINING

Noises in the sunroof/headlining area can often be traced to one of the following:

  1. Sunroof lid, rail, linkage or seals making a rattle or light knocking noise
  2. Sun visor shaft shaking in the holder
  3. Front or rear windshield touching headlining and squeaking

Again, pressing on the components to stop the noise while duplicating the conditions can isolate most of these incidents. Repairs usually consist of insulating with felt cloth tape.

OVERHEAD CONSOLE (FRONT AND REAR)

Overhead console noises are often caused by the console panel clips not being engaged correctly. Most of these incidents are repaired by pushing up on the console at the clip locations until the clips engage.

In addition look for:

  1. Loose harness or harness connectors.
  2. Front console map/reading lamp lens loose.
  3. Loose screws at console attachment points.

SEATS

When isolating seat noise it's important to note the position the seat is in and the load placed on the seat when the noise is present. These conditions should be duplicated when verifying and isolating the cause of the noise.

Cause of seat noise include:

  1. Headrest rods and holder
  2. A squeak between the seat pad cushion and frame
  3. The rear seatback lock and bracket

These noises can be isolated by moving or pressing on the suspected components while duplicating the conditions under which the noise occurs. Most of these incidents can be repaired by repositioning the component or applying urethane tape to the contact area.

UNDERHOOD

Some interior noise may be caused by components under the hood or on the engine wall. The noise is then transmitted into the passenger compartment.

Causes of transmitted underhood noise include:

  1. Any component installed to the engine wall
  2. Components that pass through the engine wall
  3. Engine wall mounts and connectors
  4. Loose radiator installation pins
  5. Hood bumpers out of adjustment
  6. Hood striker out of adjustment

These noises can be difficult to isolate since they cannot be reached from the interior of the vehicle. The best method is to secure, move or insulate one component at a time and test drive the vehicle. Also, engine rpm or load can be changed to isolate the noise. Repairs can usually be made by moving, adjusting, securing, or insulating the component causing the noise.

Diagnostic worksheet


Removal and installation


DTC/circuit diagnosis
U1000 can comm Description Refer to LAN-7, "CAN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM : System Description". Dtc logic DTC DETECTION LOGIC NOTE: U1000 can be set if a module harness was disconnected ...

Removal and installation
Hood Hood assembly Hood assembly : exploded view Hood hinge (LH/RH) Hood assembly Hood bumper rubber Hood seal Hood insulator Hood support rod Hood support rod clamp Clip ...

Other materials:

P0131 A/F Sensor 1
DTC Logic DTC DETECTION LOGIC To judge the malfunction, the diagnosis checks that the A/F signal computed by ECM from the A/F sensor 1 signal is not inordinately low. DTC No. CONSULT screen terms (Trouble diagnosis content) DTC detecting condition Possible cause P01 ...

Head restraints/Headrests
WARNINGHead restraints/headrests supplement the other vehicle safety systems. They may provide additional protection against injury in certain rear end collisions. Adjustable head restraints/headrests must be adjusted properly, as specified in this section. Check the adjus ...

Engine assembly CVT
CVT : Exploded View Washer Upper torque rod (RH) Engine mounting insulator (RH) Engine mounting insulator (LH) Rear torque rod bracket Rear torque rod CVT : Removal and Installation WARNING: Situate the vehicle on a flat and solid surface. Place chocks at front and back o ...

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