Nissan Sentra manuals

Nissan Sentra Service Manual: P0420 Three way catalyst function

DTC Logic

DTC DETECTION LOGIC

The ECM monitors the switching frequency ratio of air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1 and heated oxygen sensor 2.

A three way catalyst (manifold) with high oxygen storage capacity will indicate a low switching frequency of heated oxygen sensor 2.

As oxygen storage capacity decreases, the heated oxygen sensor 2 switching frequency will increase.

When the frequency ratio of air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1 and heated oxygen sensor 2 approaches a specified limit value, the three way catalyst (manifold) malfunction is diagnosed.


DTC No.

CONSULT screen terms (Trouble diagnosis content)

DTC detecting condition

Possible cause

P0420 TW CATALYST SYS-B1 (Catalyst system efficiency below threshold bank 1)
  • Three way catalyst (manifold) does not operate properly.
  • Three way catalyst (manifold) does not have enough oxygen storage capacity.
  • Three way catalyst (manifold)
  • Exhaust tube
  • Intake air leaks
  • Fuel injector
  • Fuel injector leaks
  • Spark plug
  • Improper ignition timing

DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

1.PRECONDITIONING

If DTC Confirmation Procedure has been previously conducted, always perform the following procedure before conducting the next test.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.

Will CONSULT be used? YES >> GO TO 2.

NO >> GO TO 6.

2.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-1

TESTING CONDITION: With CONSULT


TESTING CONDITION:

Do not hold engine speed for more than the specified minutes below.

  1. Start engine and warm it up to the normal operating temperature.
  2. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  3. Turn ignition switch ON.
  4. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  5. Start engine and keep the engine speed between 3,500 and 4,000 rpm for at least 1 minute under no load.
  6. Let engine idle for 1 minute.
  7. Select “DATA MONITOR” mode of “ENGINE” using CONSULT.
  8. Check that “COOLANT TEMP/S” indicates more than 70°C (158°F).

    If not, warm up engine and go to next step when “COOLANT TEMP/S” indication reaches to 70°C (158°F).

  9. Open engine hood.
  10. Select “DTC & SRT CONFIRMATION” then “SRT WORK SUPPORT” mode of “ENGINE” using CONSULT.
  11. Rev engine up to 2,000 to 3,000 rpm and hold it for 3 consecutive minutes then release the accelerator pedal completely.
  12. Check the indication of “CATALYST”.

Which is displayed on CONSULT screen? CMPLT>> GO TO 5.

INCMP >> GO TO 3.

3.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-2

  1. Wait 5 seconds at idle.
  2. Rev engine up to 2,000 to 3,000 rpm and maintain it until “INCMP” of “CATALYST” changes to “CMPLT” (It will take approximately 5 minutes).

Does the indication change to “CMPLT”? YES >> GO TO 5.

NO >> GO TO 4.

4.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE AGAIN

  1. Stop engine and cool it down to less than 70В°C (158В°F).
  2. Perform DTC confirmation procedure again.

>> GO TO 2.

5.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-3

Check 1st trip DTC.

Is 1st trip DTC detected? YES >> Proceed to EC-285, "Diagnosis Procedure".

NO >> INSPECTION END

6.PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

Perform component function check. Refer to EC-284, "Component Function Check".

NOTE:

Use component function check to check the overall function of the three way catalyst (manifold). During this check, a 1st trip DTC might not be confirmed.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Proceed to EC-285, "Diagnosis Procedure".

Component Function Check

1.PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

Without CONSULT


  1. Start engine and warm it up to the normal operating temperature.
  2. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds
  3. Restart engine and keep the engine speed between 3,500 and 4,000 rpm for at least 1 minute under no load.
  4. Let engine idle for 1 minute.
  5. Open engine hood.
  6. Check the voltage between ECM harness connector terminals as per the following condition.

Is the inspection result normal?


Is the inspection result normal?

YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Proceed to EC-285, "Diagnosis Procedure".

Diagnosis Procedure

1.CHECK EXHAUST SYSTEM

Visually check exhaust tubes and muffler for dent.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 2.

NO >> Repair or replace error-detected parts.

2.CHECK EXHAUST GAS LEAK

  1. Start engine and run it at idle.
  2. Listen for an exhaust gas leak before the three way catalyst (manifold).

Is exhaust gas leak detected?


Is exhaust gas leak detected? YES >> Repair or replace error-detected parts.

NO >> GO TO 3.

3.CHECK INTAKE AIR LEAK

Listen for an intake air leak after the mass air flow sensor.

Is intake air leak detected? YES >> Repair or replace error-detected parts.

NO >> GO TO 4.

4.CHECK IGNITION TIMING AND IDLE SPEED

Check the following items.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 5.

NO >> Perform “BASIC INSPECTION”. Refer to EC-131, "Work Procedure".

5.CHECK FUEL INJECTOR

Check the fuel injector. Refer to EC-450, "Component Function Check".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 6.

NO >> Perform EC-450, "Diagnosis Procedure".

6.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-1

CAUTION:

Do the following procedure in the place where ventilation is good without the combustible.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Remove fuel pump fuse in IPDM E/R to release fuel pressure.

NOTE:

Do not use CONSULT to release fuel pressure, or fuel pressure applies again during the following procedure.

  1. Start engine.
  2. After engine stalls, crank it two or three times to release all fuel pressure.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  4. Remove all ignition coil harness connectors to avoid the electrical discharge from the ignition coils.
  5. Remove ignition coil and spark plug of the cylinder to be checked.
  6. Crank engine for 5 seconds or more to remove combustion gas in the cylinder.
  7. Connect spark plug and harness connector to ignition coil.
  8. Fix ignition coil using a rope etc. with gap of 13 - 17 mm (0.52 - 0.66 in) between the edge of the spark plug and grounded metal portion as shown in the figure.
  9. Crank engine for about 3 seconds, and check whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded metal portion.

Spark should be generated.

CAUTION:


CAUTION:

NOTE:

When the gap is less than 13 mm (0.52 in), the spark might be generated even if the coil is malfunctioning.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 10.

NO >> GO TO 7.

7.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-2

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect spark plug and connect a known-good spark plug.
  3. Crank engine for about 3 seconds, and recheck whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded metal portion.

Spark should be generated

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 8.

NO >> Check ignition coil, power transistor and their circuits. Refer to EC-456, "Diagnosis Procedure".

8.CHECK SPARK PLUG

Check the initial spark plug for fouling, etc. Refer to EM-13, "Inspection".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> Replace spark plug(s) with standard type one(s). For spark plug type, refer to EM-118, "Spark Plug".

NO >> 1. Repair or clean spark plug. Refer to EM-45, "Removal and Installation".

2. GO TO 9.

9.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-3


9.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-3

  1. Reconnect the initial spark plugs.
  2. Crank engine for about 3 seconds, and recheck whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded portion.

Spark should be generated.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Replace spark plug(s) with standard type one(s). For spark plug type, refer to EM-118, "Spark Plug".

10.CHECK FUEL INJECTOR

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Remove fuel injector assembly. Refer to EM-40, "Removal and Installation".

    Keep fuel hose and all fuel injectors connected to fuel tube.

  3. Disconnect all ignition coil harness connectors.
  4. Reconnect all fuel injector harness connectors disconnected.
  5. Turn ignition switch ON.

Does fuel drip from fuel injector? YES >> GO TO 11.

NO >> Replace the fuel injector(s) from which fuel is dripping. Refer to EM-40, "Removal and Installation".

11.CHECK INTERMITTENT INCIDENT

Check intermittent incident. Refer to GI-39, "Intermittent Incident".

Is the trouble fixed? YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Replace three way catalyst assembly. Refer to EX-5, "Exploded View".

P0340 CMP Sensor (PHASE)
DTC Logic DTC DETECTION LOGIC DTC No. CONSULT screen terms (Trouble diagnosis content) DTC detecting condition Possible cause P0340 CMP SEN/CIRC-B1 (Camshaft positi ...

P0441 EVAP Control system
DTC Logic DTC DETECTION LOGIC NOTE: If DTC P0441 is displayed with other DTC such as P2122, P2123, P2127, P2128 or P2138, first perform trouble diagnosis for other DTC. In this evaporative emis ...

Other materials:

Circuit Inspection
DESCRIPTION In general, testing electrical circuits is an easy task if it is approached in a logical and organized method. Before beginning it is important to have all available information on the system to be tested. Also, get a thorough understanding of system operation. Then you w ...

Center console assembly
Exploded View Center console upper finisher Center console side finisher (RH) Center console side finisher (LH) Center console side finisher screw cover (LH/ RH) Center console assembly Center console screw cover (LH/ RH) Center console rear finisher Center console rear fi ...

Power supply and ground circuit
Diagnosis Procedure 1.CHECK FUSE Check that the following fuse is not fusing. Is the fuse fusing? YES >> Replace the fuse after repairing the applicable circuit. NO >> GO TO 2. 2.CHECK GROUND CONNECTION Turn ignition switch OFF Check ground connection E9 and E15. Refer ...

© 2014-2018 Copyright www.nisentra.com