Nissan Sentra manuals

Nissan Sentra Service Manual: P0300, P0301, P0302, P0303, P0304 Misfire

Nissan Sentra Service Manual / Engine / Engine control system / Dtc/circuit diagnosis / P0300, P0301, P0302, P0303, P0304 Misfire

DTC Logic

DTC DETECTION LOGIC

When a misfire occurs, engine speed will fluctuate. If the engine speed fluctuates enough to cause the crankshaft position (CKP) sensor (POS) signal to vary, ECM can determine that a misfire is occurring.

Sensor

Input signal to ECM

ECM function

Crankshaft position sensor (POS) Engine speed On board diagnosis of misfire

The misfire detection logic consists of the following two conditions.

  1. One Trip Detection Logic (Three Way Catalyst Damage) On the 1st trip, when a misfire condition occurs that can damage the three way catalyst (TWC) due to overheating, the MIL will blink.

    When a misfire condition occurs, the ECM monitors the CKP sensor signal every 200 engine revolutions for a change.

    When the misfire condition decreases to a level that will not damage the TWC, the MIL will turn off.

    If another misfire condition occurs that can damage the TWC on a second trip, the MIL will blink.

    When the misfire condition decreases to a level that will not damage the TWC, the MIL will remain on.

    If another misfire condition occurs that can damage the TWC, the MIL will begin to blink again.

  2. Two Trip Detection Logic (Exhaust quality deterioration) For misfire conditions that will not damage the TWC (but will affect vehicle emissions), the MIL will only light when the misfire is detected on a second trip. During this condition, the ECM monitors the CKP sensor signal every 1,000 engine revolutions.

    A misfire malfunction can be detected on any one cylinder or on multiple cylinders.

DTC No.

CONSULT screen terms (Trouble diagnosis content)

DTC detecting condition

Possible cause

P0300 MULTI CYL MISFIRE (Random/Multiple cylinder misfire detected) Multiple cylinder misfire.
  • Improper spark plug
  • Insufficient compression
  • Incorrect fuel pressure
  • Fuel Injector circuit is open or shorted
  • Fuel injector
  • Intake air leak
  • Ignition signal circuit is open or shorted
  • Lack of fuel
  • Signal plate
  • A/F sensor 1
  • Incorrect PCV hose connection
P0301 CYL 1 MISFIRE (Cylinder 1 misfire detected) No. 1 cylinder misfires.
P0302 CYL 2 MISFIRE (Cylinder 2 misfire detected) No. 2 cylinder misfires.
P0303 CYL 3 MISFIRE (Cylinder 3 misfire detected) No. 3 cylinder misfires.
P0304 CYL 4 MISFIRE (Cylinder 4 misfire detected) No. 4 cylinder misfires.

DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

1.PRECONDITIONING

If DTC Confirmation Procedure has been previously conducted, always perform the following procedure before conducting the next test.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.

>> GO TO 2.

  1. 2.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-1

  2. Start engine and warm it up to normal operating temperature.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  4. Restart engine and let it idle for about 15 minutes
  5. Check 1st trip DTC.

Is 1st trip DTC detected?

YES >> Proceed to EC-270, "Diagnosis Procedure".

NO >> GO TO 3.

3.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-2

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  2. Start engine and drive the vehicle as per the similar conditions to (1st trip) Freeze Frame Data for a certain time. Refer to the table below.

Hold the accelerator pedal as steady as possible

The similar conditions to (1st trip) Freeze Frame Data means the vehicle operation that the following conditions should be satisfied at the same time.

CAUTION:

Always drive vehicle in safe manner according to traffic conditions and obey all traffic laws when driving.

Engine speed Engine speed in the freeze frame data В± 400 rpm
Vehicle speed Vehicle speed in the freeze frame data В± 10 km/h (6 MPH)
Engine coolant temperature (T) condition When the freeze frame data shows lower than 70В°C (158В°F), T should be lower than 70В°C (158В°F).
When the freeze frame data shows higher than or equal to 70В°C (158В°F), T should be higher than or equal to 70В°C (158В°F).

The time to driving varies according to the engine speed in the freeze frame data.


  1. Check 1st trip DTC.

Is 1st trip DTC detected? YES >> Proceed to EC-270, "Diagnosis Procedure".

NO >> INSPECTION END

Diagnosis Procedure

1.CHECK FOR INTAKE AIR LEAK AND PCV HOSE

  1. Start engine and run it at idle speed.
  2. Listen for the sound of the intake air leak.
  3. Check PCV hose connection.

Is intake air leak detected? YES >> Discover air leak location and repair.

NO >> GO TO 2.

2.CHECK FOR EXHAUST SYSTEM CLOGGING

Stop engine and visually check exhaust tube, three way catalyst and muffler for dents.

Is the inspection result normal? YES-1 ( With CONSULT)>>GO TO 3.


YES-2 ( Without CONSULT)>>GO TO 4.


NO >> Repair or replace it.

3.PERFORM POWER BALANCE TEST

With CONSULT


  1. Start engine.
  2. Perform “POWER BALANCE” in “ACTIVE TEST” mode of “ENGINE” using CONSULT.
  3. Make sure that each circuit produces a momentary engine speed drop.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 9.

NO >> GO TO 4.

4.CHECK FUNCTION OF FUEL INJECTOR

  1. Start engine and let engine idle.
  2. Listen to each fuel injector operating sound.

Clicking noise should be heard.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 5.

NO >> Perform trouble diagnosis for FUEL INJECTOR. Refer to EC-450, "Diagnosis Procedure".

5.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-1


5.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-1

CAUTION:

Do the following procedure in the place where ventilation is good without the combustible.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Remove fuel pump fuse in IPDM E/R to release fuel pressure.

NOTE:

Do not use CONSULT to release fuel pressure, or fuel pressure applies again during the following procedure.

  1. Start engine.
  2. After engine stalls, crank it two or three times to release all fuel pressure.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  4. Remove all ignition coil harness connectors to avoid the electrical discharge from the ignition coils.
  5. Remove ignition coil and spark plug of the cylinder to be checked.
  6. Crank engine for 5 seconds or more to remove combustion gas in the cylinder.
  7. Connect spark plug and harness connector to ignition coil.
  8. Fix ignition coil using a rope etc. with gap of 13 - 17 mm (0.52 - 0.66 in) between the edge of the spark plug and grounded metal portion as shown in the figure.
  9. Crank engine for about 3 seconds, and check whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded metal portion.

Spark should be generated.

CAUTION:


CAUTION:

NOTE:

When the gap is less than 13 mm (0.52 in), the spark might be generated even if the coil is malfunctioning.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 9.

NO >> GO TO 6.

6.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-2

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect spark plug and connect a known-good spark plug.
  3. Crank engine for about 3 seconds, and recheck whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded metal portion.

Spark should be generated.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 7.

NO >> Check ignition coil, power transistor and their circuits. Refer to EC-456, "Diagnosis Procedure".

7.CHECK SPARK PLUG

Check the initial spark plug for fouling, etc. Refer to EM-45, "Removal and Installation".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> Replace spark plug(s) with standard type one(s). For spark plug type, refer to EM-118, "Spark Plug".

NO >> 1. Repair or clean spark plug.

2. GO TO 8.

8.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-3


8.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-3

  1. Reconnect the initial spark plugs. Refer to EM-45, "Removal and Installation".
  2. Crank engine for about 3 seconds, and recheck whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded portion.

Spark should be generated.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Replace spark plug(s) with standard type one(s). For spark plug type. Refer to EM-118, "Spark Plug".

9.CHECK COMPRESSION PRESSURE

Check compression pressure. Refer to EM-23, "Inspection".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 10.

NO >> Check pistons, piston rings, valves, valve seats and cylinder head gaskets. Refer to EM-112, "Description".

10.CHECK FUEL PRESSURE

  1. Install all removed parts.
  2. Release fuel pressure to zero. Refer to EC-143, "Work Procedure".
  3. Install fuel pressure gauge and check fuel pressure. Refer to EC-143, "Work Procedure".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 12.

NO >> GO TO 11.

11.DETECT MALFUNCTIONING PART

Check fuel hoses and fuel tubes for clogging.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> Replace “fuel filter and fuel pump assembly”. Refer to FL-6, "Exploded View".

NO >> Repair or replace error-detected parts.

12.CHECK IGNITION TIMING

Check ignition timing. Refer to EC-480, "Inspection".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 13.

NO >> Perform “BASIC INSPECTION”. Refer to EC-131, "Work Procedure".

13.CHECK A/F SENSOR 1 INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect A/F sensor 1 harness connector
  3. Disconnect ECM harness connector.
  4. Check the continuity between A/F sensor 1 harness connector and ECM harness connector.

*1: Except California


*1: Except California

*2: For California

  1. Check the continuity between A/F sensor 1 harness connector or ECM harness connector and ground.

*1: Except California


*1: Except California

*2: For California


  1. Also check harness for short to power.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 14.

NO >> Repair or replace error-detected parts.

14.CHECK A/F SENSOR 1 HEATER

Check the A/F sensor 1 heater. Refer to EC-177, "Component Inspection (A/F Sensor 1 Heater)".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 15.

NO >> Replace A/F sensor 1. Refer to EM-30, "Exploded View".

15.CHECK MASS AIR FLOW SENSOR

Check “MASS AIRFLOW” in “DATA MONITOR” mode of “ENGINE” using CONSULT.With CONSULT


Check “MASS AIRFLOW” in “DATA MONITOR” mode of “ENGINE” using CONSULT.

Specification : EC-486, "Mass Air Flow Sensor"

Check mass air flow sensor signal in Service $01 with GST. With GST


Check mass air flow sensor signal in Service $01 with GST.

Specification : EC-486, "Mass Air Flow Sensor"

Is the measurement value within the specification? YES >> GO TO 16.

NO >> Check connectors for rusted terminals or loose connections in the mass air flow sensor circuit or ground. Refer to EC-186, "DTC Logic".

16.CHECK SYMPTOM TABLE

Check items on the rough idle symptom in EC-473, "Symptom Table".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 17.

NO >> Repair or replace error-detected parts.

17.ERASE THE 1ST TRIP DTC

Some tests may cause a 1st trip DTC to be set.

Erase the 1st trip DTC from the ECM memory after performing the tests. Refer to EC-55, "Diagnosis Description".

>> GO TO 18.

18.CHECK INTERMITTENT INCIDENT

Perform GI-39, "Intermittent Incident".

>> INSPECTION END

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