Nissan Sentra manuals

Nissan Sentra Service Manual: Electric ignition system

ELECTRIC IGNITION SYSTEM : System Description

SYSTEM DIAGRAM

*1: CVT models


*1: CVT models

*2: M/T models

Input/output signal chart

Sensor

Input Signal to ECM

ECM function

Actuator

Crankshaft position sensor (POS)
  • Engine speed*3
  • Piston position
Ignition timing control Ignition coil (with power transistor)
Camshaft position sensor (PHASE)
Mass air flow sensor Amount of intake air
Engine coolant temperature sensor Engine coolant temperature
Throttle position sensor Throttle position
Accelerator pedal position sensor Accelerator pedal position
Transmission range switch*1 Gear position
Park/neutral position (PNP) switch*2
Battery Battery voltage*3
Knock sensor Engine knocking condition
Combination meter CAN communication Vehicle speed signal

*1: CVT models

*2: M/T models

*3: ECM determines the start signal status by the signals of engine speed and battery voltage.

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

Firing order: 1 - 3 - 4 - 2

The ignition timing is controlled by the ECM to maintain the best air-fuel ratio for every running condition of the engine. The ignition timing data is stored in the ECM.

The ECM receives information such as the injection pulse width and camshaft position sensor (PHASE) signal.

Computing this information, ignition signals are transmitted to the power transistor.

During the following conditions, the ignition timing is revised by the ECM according to the other data stored in the ECM.

The knock sensor retard system is designed only for emergencies. The basic ignition timing is programmed within the anti-knocking zone, if recommended fuel is used under dry conditions. The retard system does not operate under normal driving conditions. If engine knocking occurs, the knock sensor monitors the condition.

The signal is transmitted to the ECM. The ECM retards the ignition timing to eliminate the knocking condition.

Multiport fuel injection system
MULTIPORT FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM : System Description SYSTEM DIAGRAM *1: ECM determines the start signal status by the signals of engine speed and battery voltage. *2: M/T models *3: CVT mod ...

Intake valve timing control
INTAKE VALVE TIMING CONTROL : System Description SYSTEM DIAGRAM INPUT/OUTPUT SIGNAL CHART Sensor Input signal to ECM ECM function Actuator Crankshaft position sensor (P ...

Other materials:

Hoses
HOSE REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION To prevent damage to rubber hose, do not pry off rubber hose with tapered tool or screwdriver.         To reinstall the rubber hose securely, make sure that hose insertion length and orientation is correct. (If tube is equipped with hose ...

Automatic door locks
All doors lock automatically when the vehicle speed reaches 15 MPH (24 km/h). All doors unlock automatically when the ignition is placed in the OFF position (models with Intelligent Key system) or when the key is removed from the ignition switch (models without Intelligent Key system) ...

Timing chain
Exploded View Timing chain slack guide Timing chain tensioner Timing chain Oil pump drive chain Crankshaft sprocket Crankshaft key Oil pump sprocket Front cover O-ring O-ring Valve timing control solenoid valve cover O-ring Valve timing control solenoid valve (EXH) ...

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