Nissan Sentra manuals

Nissan Sentra Service Manual: System description

Refrigeration system

Component part location


  1. High-pressure service port
  2. High-pressure pipe
  3. Expansion valve
  4. Low-pressure service port
  5. Low-pressure flexible hose
  6. Compressor

  7. Refrigerant pressure sensor
  8. Condenser and liquid tank assembly
  9. High-pressure flexible hose

Refrigerant cycle

Refrigerant flow


  1. Electric compressor
  2. Pressure relief valve
  3. Liquid tank
  4. Refrigerant pressure sensor
  5. Condenser
  6. Expansion valve
  7. Evaporator
  8. Blower motor
  1. High-pressure gas
  2. High-pressure liquid
  3. Low-pressure liquid
  4. Low-pressure gas
  5. Suction port
  6. Discharge port
  7. Outside air

Refrigerant Flow

The refrigerant from the compressor flows through the condenser and liquid tank, the evaporator and returns to the compressor. The refrigerant evaporation in the evaporator is controlled by an expansion valve.

Freeze Protection

To prevent the evaporator from freezing up, the evaporator air temperature is monitored by the intake sensor and the voltage signal to the A/C auto amp. makes the A/C relay go OFF and stop the compressor

Refrigerant system protection

Refrigerant pressure sensor

The refrigerant system is protected against excessively high or low pressures by the refrigerant pressure sensor, located on the liquid tank. If the system pressure rises above or falls below the specifications, the refrigerant pressure sensor detects the pressure inside the refrigerant line and sends the voltage signal to the ECM.

The ECM then ceases to supply power to the A/C relay which disengages and stops the compressor when pressure on the high pressure side (as detected by refrigerant pressure sensor) is over approximately 2,746 kPa (28 kg/cm2, 398 psi), or below approximately 120 kPa (1.22 kg/cm2, 17.4 psi).

Pressure Relief Valve

The refrigerant system is also protected by a pressure relief valve, located in the rear head of the compressor.

When the pressure of refrigerant in the system increases to an abnormal level [more than 3,727 kPa (38 kg/ cm2, 540 psi)], the release port on the pressure relief valve automatically opens and releases refrigerant into the atmosphere.

Preparation
Special service tool The actual shape of the tools may differ from those illustrated here. HFC-134a (r-134a) service tool and equipmen.T. Do not mix HFC-134a (R-134a) refrigerant and/or its s ...

Basic inspection
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